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Osteoporosis Treatment

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Osteoporosis: An Overview

Osteoporosis means “bones with holes.” The bone is a living substance that undergoes continuous breakdown and regeneration. Osteoporosis develops when the production of new bones fails to keep pace with the loss of old bone due to the loss of Calcium.
Once Osteoporosis sets in, your bones lose their density and strength. They become weak, brittle, and fragile bones that cannot withstand even the slightest strain. In fact, even a small fall, sudden bending, or coughing can cause a fracture, mainly in your spine, hip or wrists.

Osteoporosis is common in both men and women, regardless of race. However, Asian and white women undergoing menopause are more at risk of developing this condition. Fortunately, with Osteoporosis, proper preventive measures can effectively hinder its progression, thereby minimising further health complications.

At Spine 360, a spine specialist hospital in Bangalore, we aim to help you combat the debilitating effects of Osteoporosis with our advanced care and personalised treatments. Our team prioritises proactive treatment and cutting-edge strategies to enable patients to lead fulfilling lives despite osteoporosis challenges.

Osteoporosis: Risk Factors

Apart from age, Osteoporosis can occur due to many factors, such as:
risk increase with advancing age
Family history
osteoporosis among parents or siblings increases risk, especially if one of them had suffered a fractured hip.
especially older women who are past menopause – are at highest risk.
Body habitus
small body frames might have less bone mass to draw from as they age, hence an increased risk of developing osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis may also occur to improper dietary intake

  • Calcium – Prolonged deficiency of calcium in diet leads to decreased bone density, early bone loss and high risk of fractures.
  • Decreased food intake – Disorders of eating such as bulimia nervosa and crash diets that severely restrict food intake lead to undernourishment and weakening bones in males and females.
  • Abdominal surgery – Surgeries that remove portions of the digestive system such as bariatric surgery to reduce the stomach size or removal of part of the intestines due to disease limits the ability to calcium.

Abnormal habits may elevate risk of developing osteoporosis.

  • Sedentary life – those with desk jobs involving prolonged sitting, indoor office work, reduced outdoor physical activities, “couch potatoes”, have a greater risk of osteoporosis.
  • Alcohol – Excessive consumption (more than two alcoholic drinks per day) found to increase risk of osteoporosis.
  • Smoking – use of tobacco has shown to contribute to weak bones.

Osteoporosis is more common in people who have excess or reduced levels of certain hormones – such as:

  • Estrogen – reduced levels in women post menopause
  • Testosterone – reduces in men as they age.
  • Certain hormonal suppressive therapy like that for prostate cancer (reduce testosterone levels in men) and for breast cancer (reduce estrogen levels in women) can accelerate bone loss.
  • Thyroid hormone - excess can cause bone loss – as seen in hyperactive thyroid gland or taking too much thyroxine supplementation.
  • Parathyroid and adrenal glands - Osteoporosis has also been associated with excess hormones from these other glands
Medical conditions & Medications

Certain conditions and drugs predispose to the development of osteoporosis:

  • Lupus
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Celiac disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Steroids: Prolonged use in cancer, transplants etc., can interfere with the bone-rebuilding process and cause osteoporosis

Osteoporosis: Causes, Symptoms, & Warnings


Most patients do not have any symptoms. Any sort of back pain ranging from diffuse dull aching to severe debilitating symptoms.


The “Red flags” especially in elderly patients include:
  • Sudden, severe back pain – may or may not be related to a pre-existing injury
  • Pain worsening on standing or walking
  • Difficulty straightening or bending or twisting back
  • Change in shape of spine – tendency to remain stooped
  • Pain persisting even on lying down
  • Pain that shoots down the arms or legs
The cross-section model of the spine.

Diagnostic Tests for Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis treatment at Spine 360 starts with a thorough physical examination to evaluate your bone condition. Our doctors will gather information about your family history to ascertain the risks. To help further diagnosis, we may suggest the following tests:

Spine 360: Non-Surgical Treatment for Osteoporosis

Our Osteoporosis treatment is primarily centred around fracture prevention and bone strengthening with medication and lifestyle changes.

As suggested by your doctor include

  • Calcium and Vitamin D supplements
  • Medicines to prevent bone loss and help bone building – Bisphosphonates, Hormonal therapy.

Lifestyle modification & home remedies include

  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
  • Prevent falls.

Spine 360: Surgical Treatments for Osteoporosis

Doctors at Spine 360 prioritise minimally invasive surgical options to rectify osteoporotic fractural damage to the spine. Our top minimally invasive surgical suggestions are:
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Prevent Osteoporosis With Spine 360

Take your first step towards a transformational health journey. Preserve your bone health with our Osteoporosis treatment.
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