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Effective Cure For
Low Back Pain

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A doctor analyzing a man with low back pain.

Low Back Pain: An Overview

Low Back Pain, or LBP, is either a nagging mild or severe pain involving the lower muscles and bones in your back, which affects nearly 80% of adults. One of the main reasons behind chronic or acute low back pain is job-related disabilities, which are particularly prevalent among adults between the ages of 25 and 55.

LBP can be classified into acute, sub-chronic and chronic back pain depending on the duration of pain. Pain in the lower back may be linked to various factors, such as the spinal cord, the nerves, the bony lumbar spine, ligaments between the spine and discs, the discs between the vertebrae, or the lower back muscles.

An early and accurate diagnosis is required to initiate correct treatment, get relief from back pain at the earliest and prevent any possible complications.

LBP: Risk Factors

Some lifestyle habits are the primary reasons for low back pain. These habits include:

Smoking
Smoking is one of the main habits that increases inflammation inside the body and hinders the natural healing process.
Obesity
The higher your Body Mass Index (BMI), the higher the stress and strain on your spine and the more wear and tear it causes on this delicate organ.
Inactivity
A sedentary, non-active lifestyle plays a significant role in causing or worsening your back pain. While prolonged inactivity may raise your chances of experiencing lower back pain, so can excessive or intense physical exertion.
Pregnancy
Some pregnant women may suffer from back pain because of the extra strain caused by the baby's weight.
Medications
Long-term medication intake can weaken bone density and strength and cause immense back pain.
Mental Stress
Excessive mental stress is a primary reason for tension in the back muscles. Prolonged muscle tension can lead to lower back pain.

Factors Causing Lower Back Pain

The image shows a woman in pain due to her bad standing posture.
Sudden falls or impacts on the back can trigger lower back pain by straining muscles or causing spinal misalignment. Such trauma may result in acute discomfort, leading to ongoing issues. Seeking prompt medical assessment post-injury is crucial for proper diagnosis and effective treatment.
Lower back pains often occur when the muscle, tendon, or ligament in the area undergoes wear and tear, especially when you fall, overstretch yourself, or lift heavy objects using poor body mechanics. Engaging in activities that require lifting heavier objects and performing repetitive motions can also strain the muscles and spinal ligaments in your back.
Spinal Arthritis refers to the slow degeneration of the spinal joints, where the cartilage between the spinal joints disintegrates and eventually causes inflammation in the surrounding tissues. The inflammation and degradation of cartilage intensify friction in the joints, potentially leading to pain in the lower back.
The muscles of your lower back are highly prone to sustaining mild or severe injuries if you have a vehicular accident, a bad fall, or even carrying a heavy laundry basket up the stairs. Some back injuries can be acute and traumatic, and some occur gradually over time.

Maintaining a poor posture while sitting, standing, walking, or sleeping can put unnecessary strain on the muscles in your lower back. Such poor postures include:

  • Awkward positions while carrying, lifting, pulling, or pushing something.
  • Bending awkwardly while working or picking up something from the floor.
  • Standing or bending for long periods.Twisting your body awkwardly.
  • Sudden sneezing, which may cause the body to jerk.
  • Overstretching the body.
  • Sitting on your haunches for a prolonged time.
A herniated disc, or bulging disc, is a spinal disc that has moved out of its lining. Herniated discs most often occur in the discs of the lower back. The problem may not always be painful, but the bulging disc can compress or irritate the nerves near the affected area, thus causing pain and discomfort in the area.
Every single vertebra in our spine is protected by a disc that serves as a cushion. When this disc ruptures, it increases nerve pressure, ultimately causing debilitating lower back pain.
Any abnormal curvature of the spine, as opposed to its natural curve, puts pressure on the muscles and nerves of the lower back, resulting in pain in the area.
The Cauda Equina refers to the collection of nerves that emerge from the lower part of the spinal cord. Any problem with the nerves can cause nagging pain in the lower back and radiate to the upper buttocks.

Low Back Pain : Identifying Symptoms and Warning Signs

In many cases, low back pain does not last for more than several days. However, you should seek immediate professional help when you notice any of the following symptoms:
  • Intense muscle spasms.
  • Persistent pain in the legs and below the knees
  • Difficulty during urination
  • Loss of bowel control
  • Numbness around the buttocks
Image of a woman with back pain which is highlighted in red.

Diagnostic Tests For
Low Back Pain

At Spine 360, our spine doctors recommend a series of diagnostic tests based on a detailed assessment of your current symptoms and medical history to determine the cause of your LBP. Here’s a list of the diagnostic tests our spine surgeons may suggest:

Non-Surgical Treatments Options for Low Back Pain

Our approach for LBP is entirely customised to suit your medical history and the type and intensity of pain. Most often, lower back pain can improve within six weeks without surgery. At Spine 360, our doctors spine specialists do not resort to surgical procedures unless it is the only treatment option. Our LBP treatment regimen always includes exercises to help prevent and reduce pain or discomfort. Our treatment regimen includes:

Adequate Rest
Prevents further damage to the injured tissues or root nerves and provides rest to relieve the pain.
Hot and Cold Packs
Relieves pain by mitigating inflammation by applying hot water, ice, or both alternatively.
Medication
Alleviates inflammation and pain and stalls pain signals' transmission from the brain.
Physical Exercise
Helps carry oxygen to the soft tissues in the back to encourage healing. We recommend only low-impact exercises like walking to promote pain relief.
Pain-Relieving Injections
We adopt the nerve root procedure through which steroid medications are injected to target the inflamed nerves and reduce pain.

Surgical Treatments at Spine360

Surgery is always considered the last option only if none of the non-surgical treatments fail to deliver the desired results. Our Surgical options for low back pain include:

A doctor is performing a fusion surgery for the spine problem.
Minimally Invasive Fusion Surgery
In this procedure, two or multiple vertebrae are joined together using a bone graft and reinforced using cages, metal plates, and screws.
A team of experts performing open surgery for a disc-related spine issue.
Endoscopic or Minimally Invasive Discectomy
Here, a section of the disc causing irritation or exerting pressure on the nerve is excised.
A loaded injection shot for lower back pain.
Percutaneous Needle Interventions(PNT) Procedure
This procedure involves precisely guided needles targeting affected areas, offering relief by reducing inflammation or disrupting pain signals.
A happy doctor with a stethoscope.

Don’t Tolerate Lower Back Pain

Say goodbye to nagging back pain with Spine 360’s patient-centric treatment. Gain a pain-free, active lifestyle today.
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